WHAT IS A CHRONIC DISEASE AND HOW DO YOU DISCLOSE IT?

According to the World Health Organization WHO, chronic diseases affect a few hundred people worldwide. Of course, it is really far from easy to live with such a disease on a daily basis. This is why chronic diseases are currently the subject of tomorrow’s great battles for WHO experts.

GENERAL INFORMATION ON CHRONIC DISEASE

A disease is said to be chronic when it affects a person permanently, either for a large part of his or her life or throughout his or her life. In this case, it can leave residual disabilities and is caused by an irreversible alteration. A chronic disease is a pathological state of a physical, psychological and cognitive nature. Chronic diseases, whether communicable or not, affect both men and women and can occur at any age.  Moreover, chronic diseases are progressive diseases, so they can get worse and worse when left unmanaged. This is why they are responsible for a high mortality rate worldwide.

A CHRONIC DISEASE, HOW DO YOU DISCLOSE IT?

Indeed, screening tests could of course reveal chronic diseases before the patient even feels the symptoms. To achieve this, researchers rely on the blood analysis of patients and their age to better predict and anticipate the risks of these diseases in the years to come. For certain chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart failure, chronic kidney failure, stroke…the sooner the diagnosis is made, the lower the risk of mortality for patients, since these diseases can worsen over time. You should know that in France, these diseases, considered non-communicable, are one of the main causes of disability and death. All the more so, they are likely to lead to a deterioration in the quality of life of those affected.

BETTER UNDERSTANDING THE EVOLUTION OF CHRONIC DISEASES

In general, chronic diseases can evolve along several different trajectories. First, there are the simple stable diseases that can evolve over time through lifelong treatment and other medical devices. Then, there are the so-called degenerative diseases that progressively deteriorate the health status of patients, as in the case of advanced cancer. There are also diseases that can progress, either through a flare-up or decompensation, or through a crisis or exacerbation phase. In short, chronic diseases of any kind can become complicated or can be effectively managed. What is certain is that they are not reversible or curable.